The shapes of the puppets sometimes include translucent color or other types of detailing.
The history of shadow puppetry is uncertain, but seems to have originated in Asia, possibly in the 1st millennium BCE. It later spread to the Ottoman empire and seems not to have reached Europe before the 17th century.
One encircled sketch depicts Death raising his arm from his toes to his head, another shows him moving his right arm up and down from his elbow and yet another taking his skull off his neck and placing it back. Techniques to add motion to painted glass slides for the magic lantern were described since circa 1700.
These usually involved parts (for instance limbs) painted on one or more extra pieces of glass moved by hand or small mechanisms across a stationary slide which showed the rest of the picture.
There are several examples of early sequential images that may seem similar to series of animation drawings.
Most of these examples would only allow an extremely low frame rate when they are animated, resulting in short and crude animations that are not very lifelike.
An Egyptian mural approximately 4000 years old, found in the tomb of Khnumhotep at the Beni Hassan cemetery, features a very long series of images that apparently depict the sequence of events in a wrestling match. Of course this must be supposed to take place very swiftly: so great is their velocity, so great the store of particles in any single moment of sensation, to enable the supply to come up." It must be noted that this was in the context of dream images, rather than images produced by an actual or imagined technology.
However, it's very unlikely that these images were intended to be somehow viewed as an animation.
It is possible to imagine technology that could have been used in the periods of their creation, but no conclusive evidence in artifacts or descriptions have been found.
The cut-out silhouettes were attached inside the lantern to a shaft with a paper vane impeller on top, rotated by heated air rising from a lamp.
Some versions added extra motion with jointed heads, feet or hands of figures triggered by a transversely connected iron wire.
Moving images were possibly projected with the magic lantern since its invention by Christiaan Huygens in 1659.