1866 In Germany Nikolaus August Otto patents a "free-piston" atmospheric engine. Otto & Cie to produce the ‘free-piston’ engine.
1868 First steam driven vehicle ‘Cornubia’, exported to India. 1877 The smooth-running " Otto silent" engine is patented in Germany as employees, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach prepare it for production.
1698 English military engineer Thomas Savery uses Papin’s ‘Digester’ as the basis of a crude steam engine for pumping water out of flooded mine-shafts.
1712 Denis Papin, visiting London in the hope of finding patronage, writes to a friend reporting his failure and asking for financial support to pay for his return to Germany.
1865 Britain’s government introduces the ' Locomotives on Highways Act' more widely known as the ' Red Flag Act'.
This requires that all mechanically powered road vehicles must have three drivers, must be limited to 4 mph on the open road and 2 mph in town and, must be preceded by a man on foot waving a red flag, to warn the public.
The engine powering a carriage successfully drives up Shooters Hill at Blackheath, on the outskirts of London.
1690 Many before him have experimented with single charges of gunpowder as a means of moving a piston in a bore but, Denis Papin publishes his ideas for harnessing steam as an alternative, to achieve repeated cycles of movement.
1807 In Switzerland, Francois Isaac de Rivaz builds, and demonstrates the first working internal combustion engine.
It is fuelled by a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen and reliant on a foot-operated exhaust valve.
1770 At the French government’s immense cost, Cugnot builds ‘Fardier’ a large three- wheeled artillery carriage and creates history’s first motor accident by knocking down part of a wall.
1787 Oliver Evans of Maryland patents a steam engine for the use in powering carts and carriages.
1830 A regular steam omnibus service is established between Stratford, East London, and Paddington, West London by Walter Hancock. 1831 Sir Charles Dance sets up the world's first scheduled passenger service by automobiles between Gloucester and Cheltenham, using three Gurney steam carriages. 1834 In London, Walter Hancock sets up a chain of garages to service his passenger carrying steam omnibuses en route between their destinations. 1862 French engineer Alphonse Beau de Rochas, patents the four-stroke cycle used in most modern internal combustion engines.