Much of the conquest took place in the following two decades, first by groups loyal to Cristóbal de Olid, and then by those loyal to Francisco Montejo but most particularly by those following Alvarado.
In addition to Spanish resources, the conquerors relied heavily on armed forces from Mexico—Tlaxcalans and Mexica armies of thousands who remained garrisoned in the region.
In the west, Mayan civilization flourished for hundreds of years.
The dominant state within Honduras' borders was in Copán.
When local slave trading stopped at the end of the sixteenth century, African slaves, mostly from Angola, were imported.
After about 1650, very few slaves or other outside workers arrived in Honduras.
The nickname is considered complimentary, not derogatory.
In pre-Columbian times, modern Honduras was part of the Mesoamerican cultural area.
It has been an independent republic and has held regular elections since 1838.
Copán fell with the other Lowland centres during the conflagrations of the Terminal Classic in the 9th century.
The Maya of this civilization survive in western Honduras as the Ch'orti', isolated from their Choltian linguistic peers to the west.
Resistance to conquest was led in particular by Lempira.
Many regions in the north of Honduras never fell to the Spanish, notably the Miskito Kingdom.
Population estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.