The goal is to have several separate sessions applying UPDATE statements at once, rather than using the sometimes restrictive PARALLEL DML alternative. LAST UPDATE test SET fk = fk_tab(i) , fill = fill_tab(i) WHERE pk = pk_tab(i); cnt := cnt pk_tab. In this round, I have removed the Foreign Key used in Round 2, and included a Bitmap index on TEST. PL/SQL solutions seem to incur a penalty when updating bitmap indexed tables.
It's a bit of a kludge, but we can do this in PL/SQL using a Parallel Enable Table Function. COUNT; END LOOP; CLOSE test_cur; COMMIT; PIPE ROW(cnt); RETURN; END; / Note that it receives its data via a Ref Cursor parameter. FK RUN 1 RUN 2 ----------------------------------- ----- ----- 1. A single bitmap index has added around 10% to the overall runtime of PL/SQL solutions, whereas the set-based (SQL-based) solutions run faster than the B-Tree indexes case (above).
DECLARE CURSOR rec_cur IS SELECT * FROM test4; TYPE num_tab_t IS TABLE OF NUMBER(38); TYPE vc2_tab_t IS TABLE OF VARCHAR2(4000); pk_tab NUM_TAB_T; fk_tab NUM_TAB_T; fill_tab VC2_TAB_T; BEGIN OPEN rec_cur; LOOP FETCH rec_cur BULK COLLECT INTO pk_tab, fk_tab, fill_tab LIMIT 1000; EXIT WHEN pk_tab. This is to keep the playing field level when comparing to the other methods, which also perform primary key lookups on the target table. With hundreds of rows represented by each block in the index, the chances of two sessions attempting to lock the same block are quite high.DECLARE CURSOR c1 IS SELECT * FROM test6; rec_cur c1%rowtype; BEGIN OPEN c1; LOOP FETCH c1 INTO rec_cur; EXIT WHEN c1%notfound; UPDATE test SET fk = rec_, fill = rec_WHERE pk = rec_cur.pk; END LOOP; CLOSE C1; END; / This is the simplest PL/SQL method and very common in hand-coded PL/SQL applications.Update-wise, it looks as though it should perform the same as the Explicit Cursor Loop.Here's the function: CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION test_parallel_update ( test_cur IN SYS_REFCURSOR ) RETURN test_num_arr PARALLEL_ENABLE (PARTITION test_cur BY ANY) PIPELINED IS PRAGMA AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION; test_rec TEST%ROWTYPE; TYPE num_tab_t IS TABLE OF NUMBER(38); TYPE vc2_tab_t IS TABLE OF VARCHAR2(4000); pk_tab NUM_TAB_T; fk_tab NUM_TAB_T; fill_tab VC2_TAB_T; cnt INTEGER := 0; BEGIN LOOP FETCH test_cur BULK COLLECT INTO pk_tab, fk_tab, fill_tab LIMIT 1000; EXIT WHEN pk_tab. This is a feature of Oracle's parallel-enabled functions; they will apportion the rows of a single Ref Cursor amongst many parallel slaves, with each slave running over a different subset of the input data set. Parallel PL/SQL 28.2 27.2 6.3 Let's see how a Foreign Key constraint affects things. Although not shown here, this effect is magnified with each additional bitmap index.Here is the statement that calls the Parallel Enabled Table Function: Note that we are using a SELECT statement to call a function that performs an UPDATE. You need to make the function an AUTONOMOUS TRANSACTION to stop it from throwing an error. For this round, I have created a parent table and a Foreign Key on the FK column. Given that most bitmap-indexed tables would have several such indexes (as bitmap indexes are designed to be of most use in combination), this shows that PL/SQL is virtually non-viable as a means of updating a large number of rows.Wait Total Waited ---------------------------------------- Waited ---------- ------------ db file sequential read 19606 0.37 41.24 db file scattered read 4720 0.52 34.20 SQL*Net message to client 1 0.00 0.00 SQL*Net message from client 1 0.03 0.03 That's a pretty significant difference: the same method (MERGE) is 6-7 times faster when performed as a Hash Join.