Fifty years later, a Chinese general, Trieu Da, conquered the kingdom and formed the new nation of Nam Viet.Many scholars and Vietnamese consider this to be the end of historical legend and the true beginning of modern Vietnamese history.The Trinh lords ruled northern Viet Nam while the Nguyen lords controlled southern Viet Nam.During this period, the Le emperors had little real power.Pronounced "Lee." According to tradition, the first Emperor Ly had a dream of a dragon rising out of the ground and ascending into heaven.This inspired him to move the capital to where he dreamt the dragon first rising out from the ground, in the city of Thang Long, which was later renamed "Hanoi." This is also why Viet Nam is sometimes called the Land of the Rising Dragon.The next 100 or so years saw much conflict between King Trieu Da and the Han emperors of China. C., Nam Viet was conquered and incorporated into the Chinese empire. They successfully drove out the Chinese and the nation lived free from Chinese rule until three years later when Viet Nam was reconquered.
This strategy involved using brief but frequent surprise attacks targeting the enemy's weakest points and avoiding direct combat against superior enemy forces -- a tactic that would be used successfully throughout Viet Nam's early and modern history.
However, the Nguyen rulers became increasingly suspicious of the French and ultimately became hostile toward French interests.
As you'll read in the next section, this would have very serious consequences.
The Vietnamese used this as an opportunity to again fight for their independence.
General Ngo Quyen successfully drove out the Chinese rulers and established the first of the "Great Dynasties" of Viet Nam that managed to remain largely independent of all foreign powers for the next 944 years.
For the next 19 centuries, the people of Viet Nam continually struggled against the Chinese for their independence. The Vietnamese people would continue to resist the rule of China (which renamed the nation An Nam).