Abraham was called by God to go to a strange place for a specific purpose to raise up a great nation (Genesis 12:1-3).Cahill says the concept of a distant, unseen future, and a personal or national destiny, was unheard of prior to this time.Few people could read or write, and there was no such thing as books. The idea that people panicked as the year 1000 approached, thinking the world would come to an end, is a legend. The first instance of a new century being celebrated on the Christian calendar was 1300.The celebration was facilitated by the invention of the mechanical, weight-driven clock that was used in monasteries to determine times for worship and prayer.According to historian Thomas Cahill, the concept of time and history began with Gods call of Abraham.Before Abraham, the world had no concept of history as we think of it today.Everything was just part of the great circle of seasons, never changing or progressing.The idea of progress from past to future did not exist.
Dates that fall within the Muslim Era are usually abbreviated A. in Western languages, representing the Latin phrase, Anno Hegirse, meaning "in the year of the Hijra." The beginning date of this calendar, Mu Haram 1, 1 A. This means its years are about 11 days shorter than the Gregorian year.The Bible interjects the novel concept that history has a beginning, an end, and a purpose, and that Jesus is the meaning of it all (Revelation -18).Even after the Jews introduced both time consciousness and historical perspective, the vast majority of Mankind remained oblivious to both.The Jews were prohibited from using a pure lunar calendar by the fact that they were required by their Scriptures to celebrate seven feasts each year, and three of those feasts First Fruits, Pentecost and Tabernacles were related to the agricultural cycle.So, to prevent the feasts from migrating around the calendar, the Jews inserted an extra month of 30 days seven times during a 19 year cycle. Julius Caesar decided to adopt a solar calendar that would cause the months to correspond with specific seasons.People were not time conscious except with regard to the seasons of the year and how they related to the agricultural cycle. They knew only about their own lives, their family, and their village. When Moses wrote Genesis, it was the first time anyone had written a history that included a true sense of time, as well as accurate dates.